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A. As used in this section, “child neglect” means the willful or malicious neglect of a child under eighteen (18) years of age by another. “Neglect” means:

1. The failure or omission to provide any of the following:

a. Adequate nurturance and affection, food, clothing, shelter, sanitation, hygiene, or appropriate education;

b. Medical, dental, or behavioral health care;

c. Supervision or appropriate caretakers; or

d. Special care made necessary by the physical or mental condition of the child.

2. The failure or omission to protect a child from exposure to any of the following:

a. The use, possession, sale, or manufacture of illegal drugs;

b. Illegal activities; or

c. Sexual acts or materials that are not age-appropriate.

3. Abandonment.

B. Any parent or other person who willfully or maliciously engages in child neglect commits the criminal offense of child neglect.

C. Any person convicted of committing the criminal offense of child neglect shall be guilty of a crime punishable by imprisonment in the Tribal Jail for not more than one year, by a fine not to exceed One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), or both. ONCA 22-33, eff. Apr. 25, 2022.